What exactly is alopecia areata? And How can we treat?

thomas leo

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Alopecia areata is a disorder where you lose your hair in circular patches from the scalp, moustache and beard area. It can be a localised disorder or can even extend to other parts of your body. Alopecia can occur over the body as well. Both the sexes can suffer from this and it can also be found in pediatric age groups as well.

It's an autoimmune disorder where your own immune cells attack the healthy hair follicles and cause their death, which renders them ineffective for healthy hair growth. As to why the immune cells behave in such an abnormal way, we still don't have too much evidence, but it can get triggered due to stress.”

There have been instances when alopecia has disappeared completely for a while, and then has even recurred after a couple of years. Even though this condition starts with patchy hair loss, it can eventually lead to complete baldness and prevent healthy hair growth. As unfortunate as it is, there is still no cure for alopecia, but with different medical treatments, you can surely prevent more hair loss. And that’s exactly what we are going to discuss in this article today.


As discussed earlier, there is no cure yet for alopecia, but you can undergo certain treatments that can either help slow down hair loss, prevent balding and even regrow your hair over a period of time. “There are medical treatments available in the form of oral and topical therapy. Sometimes we have to adhere to minimally invasive treatments too, if the case is resistant. The most common drugs given to slow down alopecia are steroids, immunosuppressants, calcineurin inhibitors and intralesional steroids.”

To know more information that actually work visit the link given below.


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Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease that causes patchy hair loss. It disrupts the normal hair growth cycle, leading to the immune system attacking hair follicles and preventing them from producing hair.

Here are some options:
  • Corticosteroid injections: These injections are often used for small patches of hair loss. They reduce inflammation and may promote hair regrowth.
  • Topical corticosteroids: Topical creams or ointments containing corticosteroids may be used for larger areas of hair loss.
  • Minoxidil (Rogaine): This topical medication helps stimulate hair growth in some people with AA.
  • Anthralin: This topical medication can irritate the skin and is typically used for short periods. It may promote hair growth.
  • Immunosuppressants: These medications suppress the immune system and may be used in severe cases.
  • Phototherapy: This treatment uses ultraviolet (UV) light to stimulate hair growth.
Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Stress Management: Chronic stress can worsen alopecia areata. Relaxation techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing may be helpful.
  • Healthy Diet: Ensure a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients for hair health, like vitamins A, C, D, E, iron, and protein.