alopecia areata treatment for womens and men

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Therapy approaches - Alopecia Areata​



The honest and sobering realization about Alopecia Areata is unfortunately that there is currently no cure. And also the existing therapies are either - if they work at all - only effective until they are discontinued, or they are of a rather questionable nature... or even both. Especially since most of the therapies are not approved for affected children under the age of 16.



Are there any cures?​



Although the disease is known worldwide and enormous efforts are being made to research the causes, no therapy has yet been found that can causally cure the disease. There are symptom therapies under which partial or even complete re-growth of hair can occur. Very often, however, hair loss occurs again after discontinuation of the therapies. Many dermatologists therefore advise their patients to wait and see. For many of those affected this is incomprehensible and difficult to implement. Especially in the case of affected children, it is difficult for parents to wait and just watch the hair loss inactively. Here, however, self-healing forces may be set in motion that would otherwise be suppressed. After all, the spontaneous healing rate (i.e., renewed hair growth without prior therapy) is 75-80% - and is thus just as high as under the known therapy approaches! For this reason, the sense and effect of all therapies is controversially discussed. Read the 14 best vitamins for hair loss & their effect



Nevertheless, in the following we would like to give you an overview of some of the existing therapy approaches - without claiming to be complete.



Cortisone (glucocorticoids)​



Hardly any drug embodies the entry into drug therapy of Alopecia areata as much as cortisone. In many cases, cortisone-containing drugs in the form of solutions or creams are used for small foci of circular hair loss, often at the beginning of the disease. However, the effect of externally applied glucocorticoid preparations is very limited in alopecia areata due to limited penetration into the skin. In addition, there are also the cortisone injections into the scalp, as well as intravenous infusion (pulse therapy). As with most treatments for alopecia areata, however, the aforementioned forms of treatment with cortisone are unfortunately not very effective in influencing the long-term course of the disease, even if the therapy is temporarily successful. Read male pattern baldness.



Topical immunotherapy (e.g. DCP).​



Topical immunotherapy consists of repeated application of a specific contact allergen to the head. This creates and maintains an allergic contact dermatitis. New hair growth is stimulated in the scalp treated in this way. Both substances are currently not approved medications and require extensive treatment. Therefore, this method should generally only be used for extensive and severe forms of Alopecia Areata - but not for children at present for formal drug law reasons. The age limit is handled somewhat differently in different medical centers.

alopecia areata treatment
 

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Understanding the Cause: Before exploring treatment options, it's crucial to understand the underlying cause of your alopecia areata. Consult a dermatologist for diagnosis, as other conditions can mimic hair loss symptoms.

Treatment Options: Depending on the severity and extent of hair loss, several treatment options might be suitable for both men and women:

Medications:
  • Corticosteroids: Topical or injected corticosteroids can reduce inflammation and promote hair growth.
  • Minoxidil: This topical solution can help stabilize hair loss and potentially stimulate regrowth.
  • Immunomodulators: Medications like methotrexate or cyclosporine can suppress the immune system's attack on hair follicles.

Other Therapies:
  • Phototherapy: Ultraviolet light therapy can stimulate hair growth.
  • Plasma-rich platelet (PRP) therapy: Injections of your platelet-rich plasma might promote hair growth.
  • Psychological support: Alopecia can be emotionally challenging. Consider therapy or support groups for coping mechanisms.

Additional Considerations:
  • Severity and Extent: Treatment options may vary depending on the severity and extent of hair loss.
  • Individualized Approach: What works for one person might not work for another. Discuss options with your dermatologist to find the best approach for you.
  • Realistic Expectations: Hair regrowth might not be complete in all cases. Focus on managing hair loss and improving overall scalp health.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress, and getting enough sleep can contribute to overall well-being and potentially support hair health.
Remember, consulting a dermatologist for diagnosis and personalized treatment recommendations is crucial for managing alopecia areata effectively.
 
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