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Side effects with Avodart for hair loss may be an issue, so be careful.
Propecia vs. Avodart: Know the facts
There is a lot of interest in the use of Avodart (active ingredient: Dutasteride) as an off-label medication for the treatment of hair loss. Since Dutasteride is only approved to treat benign enlargement of the prostate, the off-label use to treat hair loss should be approached cautiously. Dutasteride is marketed as Avodart by Glaxo Smith Kline at a dosage of 0.5mg. It is in gel capsule form, so cutting it up will be difficult, and must be kept in a cool place so they will not stick together. It costs $75-95 for a 1 month supply at 0.5mg.
I have prescribed Propecia since its FDA approval in 1997 to over 1000 patients, and have used it myself for over 3 years without side effects. I believe that knowing the risks and benefits of a medication is essential to deciding whether or not it is the right choice for the treatment of condition in question.
Dr. Edwin S. Epstein
Dr. Epstein has specialized in hair restoration surgery since 1990 and is Virginia's only surgeon Board Certified in Hair Restoration Surgery. He founded the Stuart Medical Group in 1994, and is both medical director and owner. He graduated Duke in 1972 and received his medical degree from Georgetown in 1977. He is Board Certified by the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery, and the American Board of Urology.
Dr. Epstein's website: http://www.stuartmed.com
Let's compare some of the differences between Propecia (finasteride) and Avodart (dutasteride):
|Method of Action|
Both block the formation of DHT from Testosterone, by inhibiting the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. Unlike Propecia (Merck) which inhibits the 5 AR-2 enzyme only, Avodart (Glaxo Smith Kline) inhibits both 5AR-2 and 5AR-1 enzymes.
Finasteride has a biological model and dutasteride does not. This quite simply means that there is much more safety data on Propecia than Avodart right now. The effects of 5AR type 2 deficiency, (the same environment Propecia creates) have been thoroughly studied for over 25 years in a group of patients in the Dominican Republic. The long-term "side effects" are no hair loss, and no prostate cancer. Patients with genetic 5AR-2 deficiency have no life-threatening disorders and there is no 5AR-2 present in their brain tissue. Conversely, there is no biological model for 5AR type 1 deficiency, which Avodart creates, and there are measurable levels of 5AR-1 in the human brain. Conclusion -- the blockage of 5AR-1 may have yet unknown neurological implications.
Glaxo presented the results from the Phase II studies about 3 yrs. ago in a closed session only to the investigators involved in the study. From what was presented, the dutasteride side effects were very similar to the finasteride side effects (5 mg) tested dose. Dutasteride's sexual side effects were in the range of 3-4% versus 1-2% for finasteride 1mg (Propecia) and 3-4% for finasteride 5mg (Proscar).The results of the phase II trials did show that 2.5 mg of Avodart gave nearly 2-3 times more hair growth than finasteride did at a full 5 mg, resulting even in frontal hair growth in some men. However, these superior results were at a rather high 2.5mg dosage. Both Finasteride and Dutasteride have originated as Prostate medications, but Dutasteride's prostate dose is actually lower than the tested dose for hair loss. Glaxo seems to be doing the exact opposite of Merck in this sense. Finasteride worked better on the prostate at the higher dose (5mg - Proscar), and for hair at a lower dose (1mg - Propecia). Dutasteride was released for the prostate at the lower dose (Avodart - 0.5mg), and was tested with results on hair loss at 5 times the dose (2.5mg). The higher the dose, the more potential for side effects.
Discuss Dutasteride with others in our Antiandrogen Forums